Treatment of ankle sprains

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The reason an ankle sprain occurs is when the foot combines for a flexed and inverted moment putting a strain on the supporting ligaments of the ankle.  Initially the ankle and foot may present with swelling and bruising.  Treatment in the acute phase may include icing, elevation, and gentle range of motion.  In the result of a severe sprain or disruption of the ligaments local immobilization or bracing may be needed.  For high level patients and athletes surgical options to stabilize the ligaments may be used.  After the acute phase and weight bearing progresses, balance and strength exercises are introduced as well as mobilization of the ankle to increase and maintain movement.  The final phase is return to previous level of function and sports where appropriate.

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